Historical Places In the World

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Historical Places In the World

 Historical Places in the World

If you’re looking for an adventure, then consider visiting some of the world’s most historical sites! These locations are steeped in history and offer a unique opportunity to learn about our past. From ancient ruins to palaces and cathedrals, there is something for everyone when it comes to historical places. In this article, we will explore some of the best historical places in the world. So pack your bags and get ready for a journey through time!

The Most Impressive Historical Places In the World.

There are some historical places in the world that should be on everyone’s bucket list. These historical sites are so much more than just old buildings or ruins.

They offer a glimpse into history, and let travelers walk in the footsteps of ancient civilizations and famous people.

The most iconic historical places in the world

1. Petra, Jordan

Our list begins with Petra, Jordan. This ancient city is located in a narrow gorge and was built by the Nabataeans more than 2000 years ago.

This historic place became an important stop on the caravan route between Africa and Arabia. Petra was largely abandoned after a major earthquake in 363 CE. However, shepherds used the ruins for shelter for centuries afterwards.

Petra is carved into the side of a cliff and most of it is still hidden underground. The only entrance is through a narrow gorge, called the Siq, which opens onto the city’s main square, or piazza. Petra was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

It’s now one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Middle East. Many movies have been shot at Petra including Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, The Mummy Returns and Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen.

2. Machu Picchu, Peru

Next up is Machu Picchu, Peru. This Inca city was built around 1500 AD and abandoned just over 100 years later.

The site remained unknown to the western world until 1911 when it was discovered by the explorer Hiram Bingham III. It’s estimated that there were more than 140 structures at one point in time.

These buildings were constructed using dry-stone walls, with no mortar. Although the purpose of this Inca citadel is unknown, some believe that it was a ceremonial site or the estate of the Inca emperor Pachacuti.

Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

Machu Picchu, Peru, South America

3. The Colosseum, Rome

The Colosseum is one of the most iconic historical places in the world. This ancient Roman amphitheater was completed in 80 AD and is a marvel of engineering.

This structure was commissioned by Emperor Vespasian in 72 AD and took over a decade to complete. The Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and other public spectacles.

It is estimated that over 500,000 people lost their lives in the Colosseum. Today, it is a popular tourist destination and one of Rome’s most iconic landmarks.
The Colosseum in Rome at sunset

4. Angkor Wat, Cambodia

Angkor Wat is an ancient temple complex in Siem Reap, Cambodia that dates back to the 12th century.

It was built as a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu. The site later became a Buddhist temple, but today it is visited by people from all over the world regardless of their religion.

Angkor Wat is considered to be one of the most impressive religious monuments in the world and is a must-see for anyone visiting Southeast Asia.

Angkor Wat Temple, Siem Reap in Cambodia

5. The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is an ancient defensive barrier that spans over 13,000 miles. It’s one of the most popular tourist destinations in China and a must-see for anyone visiting Asia.

This series of fortifications was built to protect the northern border of China from invaders. It was constructed in several phases during the Qin dynasty (206 BC to 221 BC) and rebuilt during the Ming dynasty.

The wall has been designated one of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites since 1987. You can visit this historical site by taking a guided tour or walking around on your own.
Walking along the Great Wall of China

6. The Taj Mahal, India

The Taj Mahal is an ancient mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Emperor Shah Jahan between 1632-1649 to honor his wife Mumtaz Mahal after her death from childbirth.

The elaborate mausoleum was constructed using white marble and precious stones such as jade, sapphire and turquoise. It’s considered to be one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and a must-see for any traveller visiting India.
The Taj Mahal at sunrise

7. The Pyramids of Giza, Egypt

The Pyramids of Giza are some of the oldest and most famous monuments in the world. These ancient Egyptian pyramids were probably built in the 26th century BC.

They were part of a funerary complex and were constructed as tombs for three pharaohs: Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Great Pyramid) is the largest and oldest of these pyramids. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one still standing.

There are many mysteries surrounding this structure, such as how the ancient Egyptians were able to move such large stones and how they managed to build the pyramids so precisely.

The Pyramids of Giza in the desert by day

8. Stonehenge, England

Stonehenge is an ancient stone circle located in Wiltshire, England. It’s one of the most mysterious and popular tourist destinations in the United Kingdom.

There are two prehistoric stone circles surrounded by chalk pits known as Aubrey holes. The stones are thought to have been brought here from Wales and Cornwall.

The stone circles are thought to have been erected between 3000-2000 BC and their purpose is still unknown to this day. It is thought that astronomical rituals may have taken place here.
Sunset over Stonehenge, Wiltshire, UK

9. The Great Sphinx of Giza, Egypt

The Great Sphinx of Giza is an ancient statue that was built between 2500 BC and 2400 BC. It’s located near Cairo in Egypt and is one of the oldest known monumental sculptures from antiquity.

The massive structure stands 73 metres high and is thought to have been built for Pharaoh Khafre. Based on a mythological creature, it was carved from one giant piece of stone.
The Great Sphinx at Giza plateau, Cairo, Egypt

10. The Forbidden City, Beijing

The Forbidden City was the Imperial Palace of the Chinese emperors from 1420 to 1912. It’s located in central Beijing and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

There are 980 buildings and over 8,000 rooms, making it the largest palace complex in the world. In fact, this colossal structure is spread over 7.75 million square feet.

This is one of the best preserved wooden buildings in the world, and a must-see for anyone visiting China. As access was barred to most citizens, it was named The Forbidden City. However, it is now a museum and you can visit with a tour guide or explore on your own.

Entrance to the Forbidden City in Beijing, China

11. The Acropolis, Athens

The Acropolis is a hilltop complex in Athens that contains some of the most famous historical sites in Greece. The most famous structure on the Acropolis is the Parthenon, an ancient temple dedicated to the goddess Athena.

Built between 447 BC and 432 BC, it’s considered one of the greatest achievements in classical architecture. The Parthenon has been admired throughout history by many renowned architects such as Le Corbusier.

Other structures on the Acropolis include the Propylaea (a gateway), and The Erechtheion (also known as the Temple of Athena Polias). One of the best ways to see these historic sites is by taking a guided tour.

The Parthenon temple and Athenian Acropolis

12. Easter Island

This ancient site in the southeastern Pacific Ocean is famous for its huge statues. Known as moai, they were carved by early inhabitants.

Easter Island, whose native name is Rapa Nui, measures around 64 square miles. Estimates on when the island was settled range from around 300 to 1200 CE by people from Polynesia. The moai are almost all carved from tuff, a volcanic tuff rock native to the island.

Most of the statues are around 13 feet high (four meters), although the tallest completed moai was 33 feet high (12 meters). The moai statues that you see today have been re-erected by archaeologists.

Today, Rapa Nui National Park is a protected UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The famous Easter Island statues

13. The Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy

The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of Italy’s most famous landmarks. Construction began on a marshy site in 1173 and only finished in 1399!

After the first three stories were built out of the 8 that were planned, it was noticed that the tower was leaning. This was due to the soft ground on which it was constructed, and the tower has been leaning ever since!

The tower leans at an angle of about five and a half degrees, which is enough to make it seem like it might topple over any moment, although it’s perfectly safe. You can visit this historical site in the city of Pisa, which is located in Tuscany.

Pisa Leaning Tower and Cathedral Basilica at sunrise

14. The Terracotta Army, China

The Terracotta Army in China dates back to 210 BC, when Emperor Qin Shi Huang ordered more than 700,000 men to build his army. It is thought that he believed the warriors would one day protect him in the afterlife.

The site was discovered in 1974 by a group of farmers who were digging a well on their land. This famous archaeological site is now a popular tourist attraction. There are over 8,000 known terracotta figures here.
The world famous Terracotta Army

15. The Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

The Hagia Sophia is an ancient structure that was built between AD532-AD537 as a Greek Orthodox cathedral in Constantinople, which is present-day Istanbul. It was converted into a mosque after the city was conquered by the Ottomans in 1453.

In 1935, this famous Turkish landmark became a museum and has since been open to visitors from all over the world. The interior of this historical site is covered in mosaics that depict the Virgin and Child and other religious figures.
Hagia Sophia at night

16. The Palace of Versailles, France

The Palace of Versailles is considered to be one of the most spectacular palaces in Europe. It was built in the French Baroque style of architecture.

Louis XIII originally built a hunting lodge on the site of the Palace of Versailles in 1623. It was replaced with a chateau which was expanded by Louis XIV in the late 17th century to become one of the grandest palaces in Europe.

The palace grounds include a maze, parkland and several other historical sites such as Marie Antoinette’s Hamlet (a rustic retreat). Versailles is located just outside Paris and can be visited on day trips from the city.

The Palace of Versailles near Paris, France

17. The Great Mosque of Djenne, Mali

The Great Mosque of Djenne is the largest mud-brick building in the world. On this site, an ancient mosque was built in the 13th century by King Mansa Musa.

The mosque has been rebuilt around a dozen times. It is made from sun-dried earth bricks coated with plaster.

The architecture features three towers with mud brick domes and a spacious prayer hall inside. The local community takes part in an annual festival to help to repair any erosion to this unique UNESCO World Heritage Site.

A front view of the Djenne mud mosque in Mali

18. The Palace of Westminster, London

Also known as the Houses of Parliament, parts of the Palace of Westminster have been used for legislative purposes since the 13th century. A fire destroyed much of the original complex in 1834, and the new palace was constructed in its place.

The most well known part of the palace is the Big Ben clock tower, which was named after Benjamin Hall (the first commissioner of works). This famous London landmark was renamed Elizabeth Tower in honor of Queen Elizabeth II in 2012.

Visitors can take guided tours of the Houses of Parliament or simply enjoy the views from outside. However, these tours don’t include Big Ben. It’s a fun activity for couples in London.

Big Ben and the Palace of Westminster in London in Spring

19. Old City of Jerusalem

If you visit Jerusalem, you can’t help but be amazed by the number of historical places. The Old City and its Walls have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981.

Located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains, Jerusalem has also been home to many faiths, such as Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The Western Wall, also known as the Wailing Wall is where many people come to place prayer notes in the cracks of the wall.

According to the Bible, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is where Jesus was crucified and buried. Temple Mount is another important historic site, where the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque are located.
Old City of Jerusalem, Israel – best historical places to visit

20. The Eiffel Tower, Paris

The Eiffel Tower was constructed for the 1889 Paris Exposition Universelle. Originally intended to be temporary, this iconic French landmark was never removed from its site due to popular demand.

It has since become one of the most recognizable buildings in France and one of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites since 1989.

Designed by engineer Gustave Eiffel, the groundbreaking structure was the tallest building in the world at the time. Made from wrought iron, La Tour Eiffel is 300 meters high.
The Eiffel Tower in Paris, France

21. Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza is one of the most famous historical places in Mexico. It’s not known exactly when it was built but it’s thought to be at least 1,500 years old.

Built by Mayan people, it also has elements from other cultures including the Toltecs and the Aztecs. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is best known for its Pyramid of Kukulkan which is also known as El Castillo.

The Mayans practised astronomy at Chichen Itza and the pyramid is thought to have been used as a solar calendar. Also on the site, there are several cenotes, sinkholes that are found in Mexico.

The ancient Pyramid of Kukulcan in Chichen Itza, Mexico

22. The Alamo, Texas

The Alamo is a famous historical site located in San Antonio, TX. It was originally built as the chapel of a Spanish mission in the 18th century.

However, it’s most famous for being the site of a major battle during the Texas Revolution. A small group of Texans fought for independence against the Mexican army. This led the rest of Texas to fight and eventually declare victory at the Battle of San Jacinto.
The Alamo Mission in San Antonio, Texas

23. Pompeii, Italy

Built around 2,000 years ago during the Roman empire, Pompeii was rediscovered in 1748. The preserved ruins are protected as part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Near Naples, Italy, this historical site was buried under rock and ash by the eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. Around 20 feet (6m) of ash fell on Pompeii, causing roofs to collapse under its weight but leaving walls intact.

The eruption preserved everything from jars of preserved fruit to paintings on the wall to bodies believed to be of the victims. Despite this, only two thirds of the site have been excavated and much remains buried beneath the ash to this day.

The ancient city of Pompeii – historical places of the world

24. Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Arizona

Located on Navajo land near Chinle, Arizona, Canyon de Chelly is one of the best historical sites in the world. It was protected by the Navajo tribes for centuries. During the American Civil War, the Navajo refused to leave their ancestral home. The US Army forced them out of these canyon lands in 1864. The Navajo were finally allowed to return to their lands in 1868.

Nowadays, Canyon de Chelly National Monument preserves more than 5,000 years of human occupation. The Monument protects over 800 archaeological sites! This includes cliff dwellings like Mummy Cave, Antelope House, and White House.
Former cliff dwellings at Canyon de Chelly

25. Efes, Turkey

Efes is a historical place near Izmir on the western coast of Turkey. Once an ancient Greek city known as Ephesus, it is one of the best preserved classical sites in the world today.

Built in the 10th century BC, the site has many impressive ruins, including an amphitheater which had seating for 25,000 people. Originally a thriving community, Ephesus was eventually abandoned when silt clogged up the harbor and no ships could reach the city.

In 1863, a British architect began searching for the Artemision or Temple of Artemis at Efes. He discovered the pavement of the temple, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, in 1869.

The preserved ruins are protected as part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Efes is open today for tourists with guided tours allowing them to visit the amphitheater, theater, stadium and other ruins. Along with the Ephesus Archaeological Museum that has artifacts from Efes’ long history in their collection, this makes it one of the best historical places in the world.

Celsus Library at Ephesus ancient city in Izmir, Turkey

In Conclusion: Best Historical Monuments in the World

There are so many amazing historical places in the world to visit that it’s hard to know where to start. These are just a few of our favourite ancient structures.

We hope that this article will inspire you to travel and experience some of these amazing places for yourself! Traveling is the best way to learn firsthand about different cultures and traditions around the globe. Which site do you think should be next on this list?

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