Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto

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Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto



Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto, was a Pakistani politician who became the first female leader of a Muslim nation in modern history. He served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan twice in 1988-90 and 1993-96.

Political start

Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was the daughter of politician Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who was the leader of Pakistan from 1971 to 1977. He studied at Harvard University (B.A., 1973) and then studied philosophy, politics, and economics at Oxford University (B.A.). , 1976) Before completing a Postgraduate Degree in International Law (MA, 1977).

Courtesy : The Economic Times

After completing her education in 1977, Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto returned to Pakistan, her father was ousted by General Mohammad Ziaul Haq, who made himself the Chief Martial Law Administrator. After the execution of his father in 1979, Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto became the head of his father's party, the Pakistan People's Party (PPP), and stayed in a detained house from 1979 to 1984. After exile from 1984 to 1986, she returned to Pakistan. Martial law soon became a leading figure in Zia's political opposition. President Zia died in a mysterious plane crash in August 1988, which created a gap of power at the center of Pakistani politics. In the coming elections, Bhutto's PPP won the biggest seats in the National Assembly.

Benazir Bhutto

On December 1, 1988, Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto became the country's First Female Prime Minister and the head of his first civilian government after the dissolution of his father's government in 1977. She formed a weak alliance with the Independent Assembly from his hometown of Sindh, but she was dismissed. The next year, when ethnic tensions increased in the province, unity. Without their support, Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was unable to legislate to deal with Pakistan's major problems, including widespread poverty, government corruption, and growing crimes. In the meantime, she is in conflict with the military leadership. In August 1990, Pakistani President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dismissed his government on allegations of corruption and other corruption and demanded new elections. Bhutto's PPP suffered a defeat in the October 1990 national elections, and after that, she led the parliamentary opposition against his successor Nawaz Sharif.

Under Musharraf's 2002 decree, the Prime Minister was barred from working for the third term, and Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was not allowed to stand in the same year. In addition, in 2000, the legislature, which forbids the court-convicted person from holding the post of the party, stopped the party, as Bhutto's unanimously elected leadership from PPP participating in the elections. Was out In response to these obstacles, the PPP has been separated, and a new, legally separate branch is called the Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians (PPPP). Legally separate and independent from the sanctions imposed by the PPP by Bhutto's leadership, the PPPP participated in the 2002 elections, in which it received strong votes. However, Bhutto's terms to cooperate with the military government - that all allegations against him and her husband were withdrawn - were denied. In 2004, Bhutto's husband was released from jail on bail and joined Bhutto in exile. Bhutto's return to Pakistan began to circulate just before the 2007 elections.

Shortly before Musharraf was re-elected, in the midst of an unprecedented dialogue between Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto and Musharraf's military government, he finally blamed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto for the Sharif administration. Long apologies for the allegations of corruption. The Supreme Court challenged Pervez Musharraf's right to pardon but criticized it as unconstitutional. Nevertheless, Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto returned from Dubai to Karachi in October 2007 after an eight-year self-imposed exile. The events on his return were affected by a suicide attack on his motorcade, killing several supporters. Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was killed in a similar attack during the upcoming parliamentary election campaign in December. After his death, the party's leadership was handed over to his husband Asif Ali Zardari, and his son Bilawal Bhutto Zardari.

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